Policy for Science

Under the 1988 Education (reform) Act this Church of England Primary Controlled School is required to deliver the National and Basic Curriculum to all pupils on or not exempted from it. This is the Governing Body’s Policy for the delivery of Science.

Adopted by the Governing Body it’s Curriculum Sub-Committee Meeting of Thursday 7th May 1998, and reviewed on Wednesday 27th June 2001.


Science is a systematic investigation of the physical, chemical and biological aspects of the world, which relies on first-hand experiences and on other sources of information. The scientific process and pupils’ problem solving activities will be used to deepen their understanding of the concepts involved. The main aspects of science to be studied will be determined by the Kent Scheme of Work for Science.

This policy document sets out to explain to staff and Governors the Science at St George’s CEP School and how the National Curriculum Science through the Kent Scheme of Work for Science is implemented and assessed at St George’s CEP School to ensure continuity and progression across Key Stage 1 and Key Stage 2.


  • To develop pupils’ enjoyment and interest in science and an appreciation of its contribution to all aspects of everyday life
  • To build on pupils’ curiosity and sense of awe of the natural world
  • To use a planned range of investigations and practical activities to give pupils a greater understanding of the concepts and knowledge of science
  • To develop pupils’ basic practical skills and their ability to make accurate and appropriate measurements
  • To develop pupils’ use of information and communication technology (ICT) in their science studies
  • Caring and sharing of equipment, with adherence to safety – see the Association of Science Education ‘Be Safe’ booklet
  • Utilisation of resources available including computers for research purposes and the collation and presentation of data
  • Caring for the environment and all living things with awareness of current issues
  • Systematic and critical approach and objectivity
  • Acknowledgement of the changing world we live in, and understand that not all things in the physical world can be clearly explained
  • An understanding of the impact of scientists and technological developments on our lives.


The following objectives derived from the above aims will form the basis of our decisions when implementing a scheme of work. Assessment will also be related to these objectives.

To develop pupils’ enjoyment and interest in science and an appreciation of its contribution to all aspects of everyday life

  • To develop a knowledge and appreciation of the contribution made by famous scientists to our knowledge of the world. This will include scientists from different cultures
  • To encourage pupils to relate their scientific studies to applications and effects within the real world
  • To develop a knowledge of the science contained within the ‘Programmes of Study’ of the National Curriculum

To build on pupils’ curiosity and sense of awe of the natural world

  • To develop in pupils a general sense of enquiry which encourages them to question and make suggestions
  • To encourage pupils to predict the likely outcome of their investigations and practical activities

To use a planned range of investigations and practical activities to give pupils a greater understanding of the concepts and knowledge of science

  • To provide pupils with a range of specific investigations and practical work which gives them a worthwhile experience to develop their understanding of science
  • To develop progressively pupils’ ability to plan, carry out and evaluate simple scientific investigations and to appreciate the differences between different forms of testing

Differentiation and Special Needs

To develop the ability to record results in an appropriate manner including the use of diagrams, graphs, tables and charts

  • To introduce pupils to the language and vocabulary of science
  • To give pupils regular opportunities to use the scientific terms necessary to communicate ideas about science
  • To develop pupils’ basic practical skills and their ability to make accurate and appropriate measurements
  • Within practical activities give pupils opportunities to use a range of simple scientific measuring instruments such as thermometers, force meters and data loggers to develop their skill in being able to read them

To develop pupils’ use of information and communication technology (ICT) in their science studies

  • To give pupils opportunities to use ICT to record their work and to store results for future retrieval throughout their science studies
  • To give pupils the chance to obtain information using appropriate websites

Principles of Teaching and Learning

Differentiation and Special Needs

The study of science will be planned to give pupils a suitable range of differentiated activities appropriate to their age and abilities. Tasks will be set which challenge all pupils, including the more able. For pupils with SEN the task will be adjusted or pupils may be given extra support. The grouping of pupils for practical activities will take account of their strengths and weaknesses and ensure that all take an active part in the task and gain in confidence.

Breadth and Balance

We will ensure that all staff, including those in a supportive role, have a clear idea of the concepts and skills to be taught. The importance of Attainment Target 1 (Skills), which has a fifty per cent weighting at Key Stage 1 and a forty per cent weighting at Key Stage 2, will be stressed. The other Attainment Targets (AT2, AT3 and AT4) will be taught using an experimental and investigative approach.

We will select the content to ensure a balanced coverage of the National Curriculum Programmes of Study.

Time Allowance per Year:

KS1 } 80 hours
KS2 } 90 hours


  • Pupils will be involved in a variety of structured activities and in more open-ended investigative work:
  • Activities to develop good observational skills
  • Practical activities using measuring instruments which develop pupils ability to read scales accurately
  • Structured activities to develop understanding of a scientific concept
  • Open ended investigations
  • Structured activities to interpret data and to draw conclusions consistent with the evidence relative to their knowledge
  • On some occasions pupils will carry out the whole investigative process themselves or in small groups.


Wherever possible science work will be related to the real world and everyday examples will be used.

Cross Curricular Skills and Links

Science pervades every aspect of our lives and we will relate it to all areas of the curriculum. We will also ensure that pupils realise the positive contribution of both men and women to science and the contribution from those of other cultures. We will not only emphasise the positive effects of science on the world but also include problems, which some human activities can produce.

Continuation and Progression

By careful planning, pupil’s scientific skills and knowledge gained at Key Stage 1 will be consolidated and developed during Key Stage 2.

Pupils in Key Stage 1 will be introduced to science through focused observations and explorations of the world around them. These will be further developed through supportive investigations into more dependant work at Key Stage 2.

The knowledge and content prescribed in the National Curriculum will be introduced throughout both key stages in a progressive and coherent way. How this is achieved is indicated in out scheme of work for science.

Equal Opportunities

Curriculum planning will ensure that all pupils have an equal opportunity to take part in the full scheme of work and its associated practical activities. Where appropriate, work will be adapted to meet pupils’ needs and, if appropriate, extra support given. More able pupils will be given suitably challenging activities.
Gender and cultural differences will be reflected positively in the teaching materials used.

Health & Safety

A simple risk assessment will be carried out for all practical activities. The LEA has adopted the ASE book ‘Be Safe’ as its model risk assessment and therefore assessments will be recorded appropriately and some examples of work held in portfolios. Levels awarded will be related to the National Curriculum Level Descriptions and will be moderated across the school.

At Key Stage 2 similar arrangements, using the assessment grids linked to the learning objectives in the Kent Scheme of Work, will be followed which will be used to determine the level of pupils’ knowledge and skills.

Management and Administration

An annual Key Stage and/or phase meeting will be held to review the needs of science. Personal development of staff and training needs will be discussed. The science subject manager will organise and lead these meetings.

Role of the Subject Manager

The Governing Body has appointed Mrs H Atkinson (September 2001) to be the Science Coordinator, against a job description and to be responsible for:

The subject manager will:

  • Provide professional leadership and management for science and will ensure that it is managed and organised so that it meets the aims and objectives of the school.
  • Monitor teaching and learning within the subject and will initiate reviews of the scheme of work.
  • Manage the resources for science and will maintain the stock to meet the needs of the curriculum.
  • Ensure there is a coherence of aims, objectives and teaching, this ensuring the delivery of KS1 & KS2 Science.
  • Using QCA performance indicators to measure the success of the school’s activities and pupil’s attainment.
  • Arrange regular in-service training for staff.
  • Report annually to the governing body about progress in this area.

Also see science manager’s job description.


In order to encourage an investigative approach to learning all classrooms contain sufficient basic equipment to allow simple investigations, observations and measurements to be carried out in small groups.

The science subject manager will see that this level of resourcing is maintained and will administer the allocated budget for science.

More specialist pieces of equipment and those posing a potential safety risk will be held centrally and issued to staff when requested. Teaching materials and background information on science are kept in the staff room.

The science section of the school library is continuously being developed to reflect curriculum and teaching needs.


The science subject manager will monitor classroom teaching in all year groups on a yearly basis. The effectiveness of the science curriculum will be evaluated in discussions with the head teacher, key stage coordinator and the science subject manager. This evaluation will form the basis for an action plan that will then inform the school development plan.

Policy originally written June 1995 by Mr David Jones – Headteacher

Reviewed and Updated in February 1998 by Mrs T Atton and in May 2001 by Miss E Wright

Reviewed in Summer Term 2004, 2006 & 2008 (as linked to SDP by Mrs Atkinson)

Reviewed in Winter Term 2012 by Mrs Atkinson.

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